hellas map


View I Love Hellas in a larger map

Σάββατο, 12 Ιανουαρίου 2013

Archeological Sites and Museums in Sifno

ΑΚΡΟΠΟΛΗ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΝΙΚΗΤΑ
Acropoli Agiou Nikita 
ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΣ ΧΩΡΟΣ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΑΝΔΡΕΑ
Agiou Andrea
 ΑΚΡΟΠΟΛΗ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΑΝΔΡΕΑ
ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΣ ΧΩΡΟΣ ΑΓΙΟΥ ΑΝΔΡΕΑ
Agiou Andrea 
ΑΡΧΑΙΟΣ ΠΥΡΓΟΣ
ΑΡΧΑΙΟΣ ΠΥΡΓΟΣ
Ancient Tower 
ΙΕΡΟ ΤΩΝ ΝΥΜΦΩΝ ΣΤΙΣ ΚΟΡΑΚΙΕΣ

MINES

ANCIENTMINES

The subsoil of Sifnos consists mainly of schist, gneiss, marble and also of minerals such as argentiferous lead, copper and zinc, which played a critical role in the development of the island since the prehistoric era, as the exploitation of the mineral deposits gave an impulse to the general cultural development, constituting one of the main stages of the transition from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age.

There are two arch-shaped metalliferous zones: One consists of deposits of argentiferous lead and it situated at the northern part of the island and it extends from the north-east towards the south-west, at the locations of Agios Sostis, Agios Silvestros, Vorini, Kapsalo and Xeroxilo. The other one extends from the area of Aï Giannis of Faros towards Apokofto and Aspros Pirgos (White Tower).

At the peninsula of Aï Sostis, it has been proved that the mining activity for the production of zinc started at least at the beginning of the 3rd millennium B.C., which makes this specific mine the oldest silver mine of the world.

EXPLOITATION OF THE MINES OF AGIOS SOSTIS

3rd millennium B.C.: Exploitation of the silver mines of Agios Sostis, Agios Silvestros (or Silivestros), Vorini, Kapsalo and Xeroxilo.

Archaic period (700-480 B.C.): Exploitation of the silver mines of Agios Sostis, Agios Silvestros (or Silivestros), Vorini, Kapsalo and Xeroxilo and exploitation of the gold mines of the areas of Aï Giannis of Faros, of Apokofto and of Aspros Pirgos (White Tower).

19th and 20th century A.D.: Extraction of iron from the mines of Agios Sostis, Agios Silvestros (or Silivestros), Vorini and Kapsalo.


Source: «SIFNOS, THE CITADEL OF AGIOS ANDREAS», CHRISTINA A. TELEVANTOU, MINISTRY OF CULTURE, 21STEPHORATE OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSICAL ANTIQUITIES, ATHENS 2008

ANCIENT CITADELS

THE CITADEL OF THE VILLAGE OF KASTRO

Kastro is the old capital of Sifnos. It has been populated uninterruptedly from the prehistoric times (the first houses have been built on the hill in the 3rd millennium B.C.) until today. It is the ancient “asty” mentioned by Herodotus, which flourished in the 6th century B.C., with its Prytaneum, a big temple, the theatre of Dionysus and its luxurious public buildings made of white marble from Paros («Leukofrys Agora»).

The village took its name from the "castle" (in Greek: Kastro) which is formed by its buildings. The village's form is ellipsoid - since it follows the morphology of the ground -, its character is defensive and it keeps its fortification medieval (Venetian) structural form unalterable. Its houses are built adjoining each other thus forming two defensive circles, the internal one being composed of rich houses for their best protection and the external one of poor houses.

At the top of the hill there are the ruins of the dominating ancient citadel of Kastro (6th century B.C.) that was surrounded by a wall made of sifnian marble, which was the only marble wall of that era in Cyclades and the only one that is still preserved.

The ancient citadel, the ancient columns that are embodied in the latest buildings, the roman sarcophagi lying on the alleys, the six “loggias” (gallery-shaped entrances of the village), the churches of the 16th and the 17th century with their decorated floors etc. make Kastro an open museum.

THE CITADEL OF AGIOS ANDREAS (13th century B.C.)

It is the first organized archeological site of Sifnos, which extends on the plateau of the hill of Agios Andreas (or Aï Drias, as the Sifnians call it) in an area of ten thousand square meters approximately. The excavations carried out in this area, in the 70s-80s, by the Sifnian archeologist Varvara Philippaki and by the archeologist Christina Televantou, from 1997 to 2007, brought to light not only the strong magnificent Mycenaean wall of the citadel but also the urban tissue which includes the big sanctuary, the buildings, the streets, the rainwater management system and many mobile finds. The full emergence of this impressive citadel, after thousands of years, showed in the liveliest way the glory and the prosperity of the island.

The site of the citadel as well as the exhibition hall that houses the finds of the excavations of the area are open for the public all year round (except Mondays and holydays) from 8:30 to 15:30


Source: «SIFNOS, THE CITADEL OF AGIOS ANDREAS», CHRISTINA A. TELEVANTOU, MINISTRY OF CULTURE, 21STEPHORATE OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSICAL ANTIQUITIES, ATHENS 2008

THE CITADEL OF AGIOS NIKITAS (6th century b.C)

The citadel of Agios Nikitas is one of the four ancient citadels of the island. On the road that leads to Cheronissos, you will find a rising path leading to the top of the hill of Agios Nikitas after 45 minutes of walking where, next to the homonymous church (Saint Nikitas), you can see parts of the wall of the ancient citadel and the ruins of an ancient tower.

THE CITADEL OF PROPHITIS ILIAS OF TROULAKI (6th century B.C.)

The citadel of Prophitis Ilias of Toulaki is one of the four ancient citadels of the island. On the road that leads to Cheronissos, you will find a rising path leading to the top of the hill of Prophitis Ilias after 35 minutes of walking (463 m.) where you can see the ruins of the ancient citadel.

OTHER ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES

ANCIENT TOWERS (6th – 3rd century B.C.)

During the period of the island’s prosperity (around the 6th century B.C), given the wealth produced by the profits made by the exploitation of the mines, the Sifnians started to create a network of towers all over the island. At first, near the mines and later, all over the island, in arable lands and in strategic places (hilltops and slopes). These fortification and defense constructions were used as observation posts and outposts enabling the communication on and off the island and as refuges for the rural population during unexpected pirate invasions. Allthetowersoftheislandwereround. They communicated with each other and with the four ancient citadels, exchanging smoke and mirror signals. Today, the archeological service has registered 76 ancient towers in Sifnos, that is more than one tower per square kilometer. Many of those towers are situated in isolated locations and are difficult to access, however there are also many towers that are easily accessible.

The most important of the towers that are still preserved, situated high and are easily accessible are: the White Tower (Aspros Pirgos) in Pantokratoras (6th century B.C.), the Black Tower (Mavros Pirgos) in Exabela (5th century B.C.) and the Tower in Kade (4th century B.C.). Since 2003, two thousand five hundred years after their first use, the local entities and tens of volunteers revive the communication system of the beacon towers every year, on the Sunday of Pentecost.

THE SANCTUARY OF THE NYMPHS IN KORAKIES

At the region of “Korakies”, in Kamares (starting from the aquaduct and quite lower from the Black Cave), there is the “Sanctuary of the Nymphs" with the inscription «ΝΥΦΕΩΝΗΙΕΡΩΝ» (“Sanctuary of the Nymphs”) engraved on a rock, on the right side of the entrance of the cave.

THE ANCIENT TUMULUS OF “SOROUDI” (17th -11th century B.C.)

It is a big construction, possibly a Mycenaean arched grave, situated at the location “Soroudi” (at the area of Pantokratoras), which owes its name to the pile of earth (in Greek: soros) of the tumulus. The construction is created above the ground, built on a flat surface. For this reason and in order to hold the pile of earth covering the grave, a cyclopean terraced earthwork has been constructed around its base, which is visible despite the dense vegetation. On the west side of the tumulus, which is the steepest, there are ten steps of a total height of 20, 45 m. The ceiling and part of the vertical walls of this tomb construction, which had been probably despoiled in the ancient times, have collapsed and lie on the spot. The Sifnian archeologist Iakovos Dragatsis found a few roman potsherds in the pile of earth of the tumulus, during an excavation research in 1915-1916. “Soroudi" is an impressive dominating monument, situated in Pounta, which is visible from many places of the area, with a view of the sea and of the Mycenaean citadel of Agios Andreas. It is probably the tomb of some Mycenaean ruler, who had some kind of relation with the sea and for whom they chose this panoramic location at the entrance of the bay of Platis Gialos. Besides, Platis Gialos is the only bay visible from Agios Andreas and was probably the port of the citadel in the Mycenaean period.

Sources: «SIFNOS» MINISTRY FOR THE AEGEAN, ATHENS 1998, (extracts from the text of the archeologist Mrs. Christina Televantou) and «SIFNOS, THE CITADEL OF AGIOS ANDREAS», CHRISTINA A. TELEVANTOU, MINISTRY OF CULTURE, 21ST EPHORATE OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSICAL ANTIQUITIES, ATHENS 2008



Museums 
Αρχαιολογικοί χώροι
ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΟ ΜΟΥΣΕΙΟ ΣΙΦΝΟΥ ΣΤΟ ΚΑΣΤΡΟ
ΛΑΟΓΡΑΦΙΚΟ ΜΟΥΣΕΙΟ ΤΟΥ "ΣΥΝΔΕΣΜΟΥ ΣΙΦΝΙΩΝ" ΣΤΗΝ ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙΑ
ΛΑΟΓΡΑΦΙΚΟ ΜΟΥΣΕΙΟ ΤΟΥ "ΣΥΝΔΕΣΜΟΥ ΣΙΦΝΙΩΝ" ΣΤΗΝ ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙΑ


THE ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE OF AGIOS ANDREAS – EXHIBITION ROOM

It is the newest and the most modern museum of the island (open for the public since 2010). The museum houses various selected finds from excavations of this area, as well as rich printed and electronic material about the Citadel of Agios Andreas and the rest of the island (Sifnos’ ancient city of Kastro, Sifnos mines, ancient towers) from the prehistoric times to the late antiquity.

The site is open every day, all year round (except on Mondays and holydays) from 8:30 in the morning to 15:00.

THE ARCHEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF SIFNOS IN KASTRO

It has been constructed by the Archeological Service in the 70s, in a site donated by the Sifnian professor G. Maridakis and it is housed in a two-storey building. It has been restored by the Ministry of Culture in the beginning of the 80s and it has been open since 1980. Its collections include finds from various areas of the island such as: Sculptures (tomb items, statues, architectural parts etc.) dating from the archaic to the roman period (6th century B.C. – 1st century B.C), ceramics from Kastro from the geometric age to the Hellenistic period (8th century B.C. – 2ndcentury B.C.) and coins. Among its most famous exhibited articles are: the crown of a marble stele, decorated with anthemia (4th century B.C.), the head of a marble statue of a woman (4th century B.C.) the head of a marble kouros (middle of the 6th century B.C.), the marble Ionic capital (6th century B.C.), the marble stele (Hellenistic period).

The museum is open every day except on Mondays and holydays. Information: 22840 31022

THE FOLKLORE MUSEUM OF THE “ASSOCIATION OF THE SIFNIANS” IN APOLLONIA
"ΕΜΕΙΣ ΠΑΛΙΑ ΣΤΑ ΣΠΙΤΙΑ ΜΑΣ" - ΕΚΘΕΣΗ ΛΑΟΓΡΑΦΙΚΟΥ ΥΛΙΚΟΥ "ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ ΑΤΣΟΝΙΟΣ" ΤΟΥ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΤΙΚΟΥ ΣΥΛΛΟΓΟΥ ΣΙΦΝΟΥ ΣΤΟΝ ΑΡΤΕΜΩΝΑ
It is situated in Apollonia (on the central square – Heroes Square) and it houses articles from the traditional life of the island, such as agricultural tools, domestic articles, local costumes etc. Among its most important exhibited articles are: a collection of swords and riffles, the collection of old costumes, woodcarvings & trunks, broideries and laces, utensils (among them, there are spoons & knives from Constantinople), agricultural utensils, gardening tools, apiculture, agriculture and pottery items, busts of Sifnian personalities, records of sifnian newspapers: “Sifnos” (the most ancient newspaper of the Cyclades and of Greece – establishment date: 1880) “Sifnian News” and “Sifnian Voice” (1965-1986).

The museum is open during the summer, in the afternoon. Information: 22840 33730

"OUR HOUSES IN THE OLD DAYS" – EXHIBITION OF FOLKLORE ITEMS “IOANNIS ATSONIOS” OF THE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION OF SIFNOS IN ARTEMONAS

It is an old sifnian house built according to the traditional architecture and it has the same form as most of the sifnian houses of the old times, with traditional furniture, embroideries, framed pictures, gravures and lithographs, mirrors, opal lamps, earthen utensils, a sewing machine, a gramophone dating back to 1900, a cradle dating back to 1880 from Constantinople, an étagère dating back to 1880, kerchiefs and trays from Constantinople, traditional costumes, a radio dating from the Interwar period, old newspapers, marriage contracts etc. Here you can also find personal and official documents of the poet Ioannis Gryparis from Artemonas and his couch.

The museum is open since 2008, from 15 July to 15 September, in the afternoon.

THE MUSEUM OF ECCLESIASTIC ART OF THE MINISTRY OF CULTURE AT THE MONASTERY OF VRISSI IN EXABELA

It is a “Study on the Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Sifnos”, housed in the monastery of the Virgin Mary of Vrissi (or Panagia Vrissiani). Here, you can find manuscripts, parchments with codes, copies of old editions, a Gospel dating back to reliquaries, cherubim banners, holy utensils, vestments, icons, the embroidered cope of Kassiani etc.

The museum is open every day, all year round. Information: 22840 31335

SMALL MUSEUM OF MODERN POTTERY IN FIROGIA

The historical monastery of Firogia which has been restored in the beginning of the 70s has been housing during the last decades, during the summer, exhibitions of Sifnian artists and potters. Nowadays, the monastery houses the “Small Museum of Modern Pottery” which includes the representation of a traditional pottery, two of the oldest exhibitions of the Potters’ Association of Sifnos and the Collection of Handmade Ceramics of Kosmas Xenakis.

The museum is has been open since 2011 on the responsibility of the Municipal Enterprise of Sifnos and of the Potters’ Association of Sifnos, during the summer (in the afternoon). Information: 22840 33661


Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια:

Δημοσίευση σχολίου