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Κυριακή, 13 Ιανουαρίου 2013

Kefalonia Travel Guide


Holidays in Kefalonia
The island of Kefalonia, also known as Kefallonia, Cephallenia, Cephallonia, or Kefallinia (Ancient Greek: Κεφαλληνία. Modern Greek: Κεφαλονιά or Κεφαλλονιά. Italian: Cefalonia), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece, with an area of 906.5 km² (350 square miles). It is also the larger of the two islands forming the Kefalonia and Ithaca Prefecture, and contains eight of the prefecture's nine municipalities or communities. (Ithaca is on a separate island.)

Kefalonia Geography


The capital of the Kefalonia prefecture is Argostoli. Theisland's population is nearly 45,000. It previously was home to the fastest growing population in Greece, with a growth rate of 35% to 40% during the 1990s. It was officially 36,404 at the census of 2001. The size of the island is ca. 800 km² (300 miles²), and the present population density is 55 people per km² (140/miles²), withArgostoli home to one-third of the island's habitants. Lixouri is the second major settlement, and the two towns together account for almost two-thirds of the prefecture's population.
Kefalonia is located in the heart of an earthquake zone, and dozens of minor or unrecorded tremors occur each year. In 1953, a massive earthquake almost destroyed settlement on the island, leaving onlyFiscardo in the north untouched.
Most of the Kefalonia population have surnames ending in "*atos". Almost every community in Kefalonia has a name ending in "*ata", such as Valsamata, Frangata, Lourdata, Favata, Delaportata, and others.
In the ancient period, before it was named Kefalonia, the island was known to have a population of only 100 to 300. At the ancient founding ofKefalonia, the population trebled to around 500 - 1,000 people. The population grew steadily, until it reached 10,000 in the mid-20th century, with the total topping 20,000 by the 1970s.

Kefalonia Sights

 
Museums:
Korgialeneios Museum (under the Korgialeneios Library) in Argostoli
Kosmetatos Foundation in Argostoli
Archaeological Museum in Argostoli
Iakovatios-Library in Lixouri
Museum in Fiscardo


 

Nature: The most important natural sight might may be the Melissani and the Drogarati cave. The top of the mountain Ainos is covered with Abies cephalonica trees and is declared a natural park. Kefaloniais also well known for its endangered loggerhead turtle population which nest at Kaminia beach under the watchful protection of the Sea Turtle Protection society.

Archaeology: In late 2006 a Roman grave complex was uncovered as excavations took place for a new hotel in Fiscardo. The structures date to Roman times-between the second century B.C. and the fourth century A.D. Archaeologists described it as the most important find of its kind ever made in the Ionian Islands. Inside the tomb five burial sites were found, including a large vaulted grave and a stone coffin, along with gold earrings and rings, gold leaves that may have been attached to ceremonial clothing, glass and clay pots, bronze artefacts decorated with masks, a bronze lock and copper coins. The tomb had escaped the attentions of grave robbers and remained undisturbed for thousands of years. In a tribute to Roman craftsmanship, when the tomb opened the stone door easily swung open on its stone hinges. Almost next to the tomb a Roman theatre was discovered, so well preserved that the metal joints between the seats were still intact.

 

Monasteries: Across the broader island two large monasteries are to be found: the first is that of Agia Panagia, in Markopoulo to the southeast, and the other lies on the road between Argostoli and Michata, on a small plain surrounded by mountains. This second has an avenue of about 200 trees lined from NW to SE with a circle in the middle, and is the monastery of Agios Gerasimos, patron saint of the islandwhose relics is on show for veneration at the old church of the monastery.
On a hill near to the village of Peratata, 5km from Argostoli, there is the Fortress of Agios Georgios which is simply called as "Castle" by the locals. It covers an area of 16000sm. And it has a perimeter of 600m. Its shape is polygonal and it has three parts: the external walls, the petaloid internal yard and an elevated top at the centre. Nowadays the visitor may see several embrasures, watchtowers, the ruins of a bridge build during the French occupation and the ruins of a catholic church.

Kefalonia Beaches

The wonderful beaches of Kefalonia are famous in Greece for their extreme and unspoiled natural beauty. They all have fine golden or white sand and magnificent emerald waters. Some of those beaches are large, fully organised while others are coil up in picturesque little bays and are empty of every kind of facilities.
Kefalonia has beautiful beaches and most of them have been rewarded by the Blue Flag for their cleanliness. The most famous beach isMyrtos, which is considered among the best amd most impressive coasts in the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Myrtos: Myrtos is considered as one of the most beautiful beaches of the Ionian Islands and has therefore become the trademark of Kefalonia. It is an impressive golden sandy beach located in the north of Argostoli.
It attracts thousands of visitors every year. It is not surprising that it is one of Greece’s most photographed places. The beach is surrounded by vertical rock cliffs and the water looks as if the blue colour of the sea was mixed with bleaching water.
The beach has a snack-bar and offers sun beds and umbrellas rentals.

Antisamos: Antisamos is one of the most beautiful Kefalonia beaches. It is a pebble beach situated near the village of Sami, 22 km from theisland’s capital. It is a beautiful place, with turquoise waters lying at the feet of some impressive green hills.
The beach attracts thousand of visitors every year for its natural beauty. It has a snack bar.

Emblisi Fiscardo:
Due to the close distance to Fiscardo and its natural beauty, Emblisi gets very popular in summer. It is a picturesque beachwith white pebbles and green nature.

Skala: The fishing village of Skala hosts a large, sandy beach within a walking distance from its port. Organized and clean, this is a lovely spot for family vacations.

Lourdas: Lourdas is one of the most beautiful beaches of the island. It is a long beach of white coarse sand and pebbles. It has clear crystal waters and beautiful surroundings with Mount Ainos as a background. It is an organised beach with sun beds and umbrellas rentals, some tavernas and shops. The area also offers many kinds of accommodations.

Xi: Xi beach is situated a couple of kilometres away from the town of Lixouri. It is a nice long beach of fine orange/red sand with some accommodations and snack-bars. The beach is well organised with sun beds and umbrellas rentals. It also offers water sports facilities.

 

Makris Gialos: Makris Gialos is a very beautiful and popular beach in close distance to Argostoli, the capital of Kefalonia, and the busy tourist resort of Lassi. It has golden sand and many watersports centres around the beach.

Platys Gialos: A perfect paradise, this sandy beach is well run by the local council who provide toilets, showers and changing rooms. They have a snack bar by the beach from where you can also hire sunbeds and beach umbrellas. Swimming is safe for children in the shallow waters. From here you can swim around the rocks to the next long sandy beach of Makris Gialos.

Lassi: Lassi is the nearest resort from the island’s capital, Argostoli. The resort has some of the most beautiful beaches of Kefalonia, some of them, awarded with the Blue Flag for their cleanliness. The resort has a main street plenty of hotels, shops, restaurants and bars. Thebeaches of the area are: Tourkopodaro, Platys Gialos, Makris Gialos and Paliostafida. Platys Gialos and Makris Gialos are the most famous of the area. Both beaches have been awarded with the Blue Flag and are very well organised. The beach offers sun beds rentals and some water sports facilities.

Other Beaches: Assos, Agia Efimia, Agia Eleni, Agia Paraskevi, Agia Pelagia, Agia Kyriaki, Agia Ierousalim, Agios Thomas, Agios Georgiou and Agios Giannis, Agios Dimitrios, Agios Sotiras, Agios Spiridon, Pessada, Karavomilos, Lepeda, Avithos, Petani, Poros, Kaminia, Trapezaki, Platia Ammos, Megas Lakkos, Samoli and Livadi, Kalamaki, Dafnoudi, Alaties, Sami, Paliouras, Makria Petra, Megalipetra, Katelios, Koroni, Spartia, Minies.

Kefalonia Nightlife

 

Most of the lively nightlife of Kefalonia Greece is concentrated around the capital of the island,Argostoli and in the modern bars and huge night clubs of the main settlement such as Fiscardo, Lixouri,Skala, Poros and Sami. All those places in Kefalonia offer a wide variety of music and drinks and are open until late in the morning.
The island of Kefalonia is not famous as a party island but for those that have chosen it for theirholidays won’t be disappointed.



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