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Τετάρτη, 25 Απριλίου 2012

Culture and Museum of Rethymno

The Archaeological Museum of Rethymno was founded in 1887 by the Society of the Friends of Education. Today it is housed in the pentagonal bastion in front of the central, east gate of the Fortezza. This building represents one of the fortified construction works accomplished by the Turks, who chose this location in order to defend the central entrance to the fortress. The archaeological findings are exhibited in the Museum in archaeological order and include the following collections:

  1. Late Neolithic and Proto-Minoan findings, mainly vessels, tools and figurines from the Gerani and Melidoni caves.
  2. Objects of the Middle-Minoan period found at the archaeological sites of Monasteraki, Apodoulou and Vryssina. Most interesting in this unit are the collection of seals from Monasteraki and the replica of a settlement from the same area.
  3. Findings of the Late Minoan period mainly from the cemetery of Armeni, but also from other areas such as Mastabas, Stavromenos, Pangalochori and Syvritos. The objects include bronze tools and weapons, an impressive serrated helmet, a large variety of ceramics, jewellery and cameos, as well as earthenware figurines, one of which depicts the famous goddess with raised hands from Pangalochori. Furthermore, the earthenware urns with floral and geometrical ornaments, mainly finds from the cemetery of Armeni, are also interesting.
  4. Findings of the Geometrical - Archaic Period mainly from the archaeological sites of Axos and Eleftherna.
  5. Objects from the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman Period, mainly from the areas of Stavromenos and Argyroupolis. This unit boasts Roman oil lamps with various depictions, gold jewellery from the area of Stavromenos and glass vessels from the Hellenistic and Roman period.
  6. Collection of coins
  7. Figurines from Melidoni and Axos as well as pots of unknown origin from the Classical and Hellenistic period.
  8. Inscriptions from the area of Eleftherna
  9. Collection of sculptures from the areas of Stavromenos, Eleftherna and Argyroupolis.
Address: Opposite the main gate of the Fortetsa.
Operation Hours:
Monday: Closed,
Tuesday-Sunday: 08.30-15.00
Full admission: € 3
Reduced admission: € 2
Telephone: +30 28310-54668 
E-mail: keepka@culture.gr

Sculpture of Aphrodite from Argyroupolis. Roman period.

Coin displaying dolphins and the Goddess Athena from Ancient Rithymna.

Museum' s exhibits.

One of the exhibits at the archaeological museum.

 Τhe Municipal Gallery "L. Kanakakis" was founded in 1992. From its beginning it was housed in a Venetian building in the heart of the old, historical town of Rethymno, below the Fortezza and the Archaeological Museum.

It houses a permanent exhibition of the work of Lefteris Kanakakis (oil paintings, sketches and aquarelles), thus representing all the stages of his achievements, as well as works of contemporary Greek artists, which cover a broad spectrum of modern Greek art as it has been accomplished from 1950 until today.

In 1995, the town of Rethymno was incorporated into the National Cultural Network and, as a result, the Centre of Contemporary Art was established, which then proceeded to influence the course of activities of the Gallery with respect to modern art. The Centre of Contemporary Art of Rethymno is initiating dynamic activities in the field of periodic exhibitions of local, national and international interest in co-operation with many supporters both Greek and foreign. All events are carried out within the framework of parallel activities such as lectures, educational programmes, speeches, seminars etc.

On a similar line the Centre of Contemporary Art- Municipal Gallery "L. Kanakakis" complements its activities with the edition of catalogues and other educational or instructive material. Furthermore, since 1995 art workshops have been operating under the direction of the Centre of Contemporary Art.

The Historical and Folklore Museum of Rethymno was founded in 1973 with the aim of collecting and starting research on folklore material from the area of Rethymno. Since 1995 it has been housed in a listed urban Venetian building dating back to the 17th century and situated at 28-30 Vernardou Street.
The two-storey building with its interior yard presents a variety of particularly interesting architectural details. The collections in the Museum come from donations and purchases and include among others hand-woven textiles, tools for the art of weaving, embroideries, lacework, ceramics, baskets, items of metalwork, coins, costumes and historical relics.
 One of the rooms is dedicated to traditional farming and the traditional way of preparing bread in Rethymno, while in another room traditional professions are referred to. The artefacts are exhibited in units and are equipped with explanatory labels in both Greek and English, photographs and drafts according to the demands of a modern museum management.
Address: Manouil Vernadou 28-30
Operation Hours: April - 25 October: Monday - Saturday 10:00 – 14.15.
26 October – March: every Wednesday 10:00 – 14.15 and other days after request.
Full admission:€4,
Reduced admission: € 2
Telephone +30 28310 23398
Fax +30 2831023667  

Collection of Franzeskaki.
The collection of Eleni Franzeskaki is housed in the building opposite the Gallery "L. Kanakakis" in Chimaras Street and includes works of traditional handicraft such as woven textiles, embroidery, and lacework.

Museum of Sea-life.
It is housed in the old abbey, which is situated in the old town and has been restored recently. The exhibition represents one of the most important collections in Rethymno including molluscs, sponges, fish and various fossils.

Show-window, Museum of Sea-Life.

Woodcarving workshop & showroom,
Axos Mylopotamos.
Axos Mylopotamou, one hour from the cities of Rethymnon and Heraklion, is a village in a natural environment. There are exposed, in a two-storey new built area, handmade wooden works of art from a hammer and a chisel.
The dimensions of the sculptures displayed,  are life size, while some are presented in larger sizes, such as "The Eagle and the Serpent" about 6 meters long or "My parents and I" of about three meters.
Woods are collected from the island of Crete, mostly dry trees uprooted by natural disasters.
George Koutantos or Tsakalogiorgis.
Mylopotamos Axos, Rethymnon.
HOURS:  Monday - Sunday 9am - 8:00 p.m.
Students 3 €.
Adults 5 €.
TELEPHONE: 6937691387.

                                  Wooden scluptures.

Wax Museum “Potamianos”.
The museum "Potamianos" includes 87 wax figures that depict, life-size, scenes from the history of Crete.

In a specially arranged for the museum space, are displayed scenes of Eleftherios Venizelos, Greco, Kazantzakis and other important personalities.

ADDRESS: Zoniana village, Rethymnon.

HOURS: Daily 8:30 - 19:00.

LOGIN: Full 3, 50 €.

TELEPHONE: 28340 61087, fax: 28340 61827


Folklore Museum of History - Somatas, Rethymno (private collection).
Museum of Folklore - War – History.
From 1821- to the present day.

Exhibited items: War items, folklore items, photographic material and old coins.

There is a large collection of stamps, ancient heirlooms, old agricultural tools, old household utensils, etc.

Address: Evangelos Hatzispyros, son of Apostolos Somatas, Rethymno.

Operation Hours: 8 a.m. - 6 p.m.

Tickets: Entrance Free.

Telephone: +30 28310 41315.

                                       Folklore Museum of History - Somatas.

Museum of the Olive, Kapsaliana.
The Monastery Olive Press, the attached house of the caretaker monk and the storage area, with its gigantic “pitharia” (clay storage vessels) are protected medieval monuments which focus on the olive culture in Crete and can be visited, much like a museum.

The area is decorated with fascinating artefacts from the days the Olive Press was in use.

The Museum is dedicated to the memory of the area and the cultural heritage of olives and olive oil.

ADDRESS: Kapsaliana, Arkadi, Rethymnon.


TELEPHONE: 28310 83400, Fax: 2831083383.


     Museum of the Olive, Kapsaliana.

The mill of Prinari, Chromonastiri.
A magical journey just 7 km from the junction of Missiria, takes you, by following the signs, to the central square of the village Chromonastiri.

The old factory (oil mill) of Prinari, fully renovated, with all its old equipment, that can work and today, operates as a Training Centre for Information and Culture of olive oil and Mills.

In a specific room there is all the equipment of a  traditional house of the middle of last century, back when the houses were just one room, which means that all activities of the 'home' life, was in a single space.

ADDRESS: Chromonastiri village, Rethymnon.

HOURS: June-October: 8:00 - 14:00 and 17:30 - 20:30.

TELEPHONE: 210 9944757, FAX 210 9916339, Mob: 6977416305.


EMAIL: prinarismill@gmail.com

                          The interior of the "Prinari's Mill".

Papageorgoulakeio Folk Museum, Asomatos.
Papa Michalis Georgoulakis started collecting various objects when he was 15 years old.

He wan an open-minded man for his time and that is the reason he left behind an unusual and unique collection of Cretan life of the last century.

With his unique and incredible tenacity mania for detail, Priest Michael managed to create an original museum with everyday objects, antiques, military memorabilia, religious objects, etc.

The Oriseum is   decorated with lamps, candles and flowers from the family home.

The Priest died in October 2008, at the age of 87 years, leaving behind a life's unique work.

In accordance with the wishes of Pope Michael, Oriseum continues to be operated by his son George and his bride Romi. The exhibits are explained in 4 languages (Greek, English, German and French).

Apart from an idyllic cafe and a souvenir shop the area of Oriseum is also used for cultural events like concerts and live music.

ADDRESS: Asomatos, Rethymnon.

HOURS: Daily 10.00 - 15.00.

ENTRANCE: 2,50 €.

TELEPHONE: +30 28320 31 674.


EMAIL: oriseum@hotmail.com

                        Papageorgoulakeio Folk Museum.

Spiritual - Cultural Center Anestis and Manolis Anagnostakis.
Manolis Anagnostakis 1925 - 2005.
One of the leading poets of the first postwar generation with origin from Roustika Rethymnon, the birthplace of his father.
He studied medicine and specialized as a radiologist in Vienna.
His poetic work identified a group of militant poets of postwar poetry.
Some of Manolis Anagnostakis poets were combosed by Mikis Theodorakis and other Greek composers and translated into foreign languages.
The spiritual - cultural center Anestis and Manolis Anagnostakis is housed in the family home, which was donated to the community of Roustika by the poet himself.
There someone encounters the collections exposed by his life and his work.
ADDRESS: Roustika, Nikiforos Fokas.
ADMISSION: Free.TELEPHONE: 6977589932.Pictures of the interior and the exterior of Cultural Center "Anagnostakis".

The house of “Polios”.
A special traditional coffee shop "The house of Polios" which  someone encounters in the village of “Asteri” Arkadi.
There the customers can enjoy the traditional products and visit the folklore museum.
The museum is a traditional Cretan house of seven rooms housing textiles, old photographs, reception rooms, etc.

The traditional coffee house has a yard where someone can see tools of traditional professions.
The cafe is created by George Polioudakis who believes that "visitors are aware of the Cretan tradition and lifestyle of the Cretans.”

ADDRESS: Village “Asteri”, Arkadi.
HOURS: Everyday from morning till night.
TELEPHONE: 6979495098, 6974412534.
EMAIL: polioudakismanolis@hotmail.com

The house of "Polios".

Museum of Traditional Greek Costumes
“Kate & Andreas Fragkiadaki”.
In Roustika village located 20 km west of Rethymnon, in “ROUSTIKA MELATHRON'' is housed the Museum of Traditional Greek costumes “Kate & Andreas Fragkiadaki”.
The museum is unique in Crete for the richness of its costumes from all over Greece.
 It is part of the Traditional Greek Folk Art Center

ADDRESS: Roustika, Nikiforos Fokas.
HOURS: Daily 10:00 to 15:00,
                       except Sunday.
HOURS:  3, 00 €.
TELEPHONE: 210 7661949, 6932750946.
Spiritual - Cultural Center Anestis and Manolis Anagnostakis.

 Church Museum

It was founded in 1994.
The museum includes ecclesiastical relics dating back from 1816 up until the present, such as church utensils, icons, bells as well as the clock of the belfry, which had been functioning from 1894 up until 1986.

Address: Mitropoleos Square.
Operation Hours: Monday - Saturday 10:00 – 13:00
Tickets: Entrance Free
Telephone: +30  28310 22731.

Museum of Paleontology
The Temple of Mastaba houses the paleontological collection of the Municipality of Rethymnon, which is the basis of the exhibited material, has already been conceded to GNHM.

Original findings of endemic mammals in real-size representations and in anatomic arrangement shall accompany the exhibition.  Visitors shall get to know the dwarf Cretan elephants, dwarf hippopotamuses and polymorphous Cretan deers, and they will find information on these animals, the first inhabitants of Crete, and on Greek mythology.
Address: The Temple of Mastaba.
Operation Hours: Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday 09.00-15.00.
Tickets: Full admission: € 4, Reduced admission: € 2.
Telphone: +30 28310 23083.
Webpage: www.gnhm.gr
E-mail: info@gnhm.gr


The elaborate entrance hall.                        The temple of Mastaba.


Exhibition room.                                     The Paleontological Museum
                                                               of Rethymnon at night.

The Museum of "Monastery of Arkadi"

The monastery of Arkadi is an Eastern Orthodox monastery, situated on a fertile plateau 23 km to the southeast of Rethymnon.

The monastery played an active role in the Cretan resistance of Ottoman rule during the Cretan revolt in 1866. 943 Greeks, mostly women and children, sought refuge in the monastery. After three days of battle and under orders from the hegumen (abbot) of the monastery, the Cretans blew up barrels of gunpowder, choosing to sacrifice themselves rather than surrender.

Today the monastery also houses a museum (in the southern wing) that has artefacts from the famous battle, church articles, and an absorbing picture gallery of the Cretans of that time.

Its collection consists of post-Byzantine icons, ecclesiastical vestments and implements, weapons, manuscripts, personal objects that belonged to the Abbot Gavriil and other religious and historic relics.

In a place of honour is the banner from the Arkadi holocaust, which depicts the Transfiguration of Christ . Another unique exhibit is the section of the carved altar screen of the church depicting the Resurrection, the only piece that survived the explosion and fire.

Examples of sacerdotal vestments, produced by the important embroidery centre at the monastery during the 17th century, are also displayed. A particularly outstanding piece with gold embroidery, dates to 1681 and depicts Christ and the twelve disciples.
Finally, among the weapons used during the struggle, including flintlock rifles, long-barreled pistols and pistols, there are Ottoman firearms such as the Turkish musket, as well as weapons that were given the surnames of benefactors acting on the rebel’s behalf aroad, such as Rodokanakis and Bernadakis, who sent them in aid of their beleaguered countrymen.

Address: Arkadi, 23 km to the southeast of Rethymnon.
Operation Hours: Daily 09:00 a.m. to 18:00 p.m.
Tickets: Full admission: € 2.50.
+30 28310 83076
+30 28310 83135
+30 28310 83116
+30 28310 83136
Fax: +30 28310 83137
Webpage: www.arkadimonastery.gr
E-mail: info@arkadimonastery


                            The monastery of Arkadi.

 The Museum of "Monastery of Preveli"

Preveli Monastery, located just 37 km from Rethymnon consists of two monasteries:
The Lower Monastery (Monastery of Agios Ioannis Prodromos, or Saint John the Baptist), now abandoned, is a typical example of simple, everyday architecture.
The Rear Monastery (Monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos) is a large group of buildings with a wonderful view over the Libyan Sea and has numerous relics which are exhibited in the monastery’s ecclesiastical museum.
Many of the rescued relics and images are displayed in the stylish museum inside the monastery. Saved a significant number of icons (about 100) from the occasional ornaments of the Catholic, the various Catholic churches and the Baptist.
The collections of the Monastery of Preveli include:
a) Collection of images.
b) Collection of vestments.
c) Collection of ecclesiastical vessels.
d) Collection of relics.
ADDRESS: Preveli.
HOURS:  Daily 09:00 a.m. to 18:00 p.m.
ENTRANCE: 2, 50 €.
TELEPHONE: +30 28320 41 444.

                        Sacred relics of Preveli Monastery.

 Military Museum, Chromonastiri

Chromonastiri is a beautiful village built at the foot of Vrysina and has a population of 358 inhabitants.

Buildings with Venetian architectural elements are scattered in the village, but the most important building is the so-called Villa Claudio, a magnificent mansion, which has been restored and houses the museum of the Army.
The Military Museum houses many exhibits - military uniforms, weapons of various ages, decorations, etc.
ADDRESS: Chromonastiri, Rethymnon.
HOURS: Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.
ADMISSION: 1.50 €.
TELEPHONE: 28310 75 135.

                                Military Museum, Chromonastiri.


                                        Military exhibits.

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